The DBAA applies to U.S. federal income tax, that is, U.S. income tax. However, the agreement does not apply to the following taxes: 1. Removing double taxation, reducing the tax costs of „comprehensive” companies. The third protocol also contains provisions to reduce economic double taxation in the event of transfer pricing. This is a fiscally favourable measure in line with India`s commitments under the BePS (Base Erosion and Profit Shifting) action plan to meet the minimum standard of access to the mutual agreement procedure (MAP) for transfer pricing. The third protocol also allows for the application of national legislation and measures to prevent tax evasion or evasion. Singapore`s investments of $5.98 billion pushed Mauritius as the largest individual investor for 2013/2014 with $4.85 billion.  The Double Taxation Agreement came into force on March 31, 2003 and was amended by a protocol signed on July 19, 2002.
Example of benefit from the double taxation convention: Suppose interest on NRAs [clarification required] bank deposits draw 30 percent tax deduction at source in India. Since India has signed agreements with several countries to avoid double taxation, the tax can only be deducted at 10-15% instead of 30%. (For a transitional period, some states have a separate regime.  You can offer any non-resident account holder the choice of tax terms: (a) disclosure of information such as above, or b) deduction of local tax on savings income at source, as is the case for residents). Mr. X, a man based in India, works in the United States. In return, Mr. X receives some compensation for the work done in the United States.
Today, the U.S. government imposes federal income tax on income collected in the United States. However, it is possible that the Indian government may also levy income tax on the same amount, i.e. the remuneration paid abroad, with Mr. X based in India. In order to protect innocent taxpayers like Mr. X from the harmful effects of double taxation, governments in two or more countries can enter into an agreement known as the Double Taxation Prevention Convention (DBAA). Under general conditions, the tax rate of the tax treaty is often lower than the national rate under the legislation of the host country. Take, for example, Russia, in Russia, the standard withholding rate for interest and royalties is set by national law for two per cent.
According to China`s latest tax treaty with Russia, the withholding tax rate is 0 and the withholding rate at source is 6%. Of course, this can reduce corporate tax costs, increase the will to „globalize” and increase the competitiveness of domestic businesses and bring goodness.  There are two types of double taxation: double taxation and double economic taxation. In the first case, where the source rule overlaps, the tax is collected by two or more countries, in accordance with their national legislation, for the same transaction, the income is born or applies in their respective jurisdictions. In the latter case, when the same transaction, the element of income or capital is taxed in two or more states, but in the hands of another person, there is double taxation.  In principle, an Australian resident is taxed on his or her global income, while a non-resident is taxed only on income from Australian sources. Both parties to the principle can increase taxation in more than one jurisdiction. In order to avoid double taxation of income through different legal systems, Australia has agreements with a number of other countries to avoid double taxation, in which the two countries agree on the taxes that will be paid to which country. Thus, governments conclude an agreement on the prevention of double taxation aimed at reducing the burden on taxpayers: 2) strengthening tax security, reducing the risk of cross-border taxation. Countries can enter into tax treaties